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The call for gender equality in inheritance contradicts Shari’ah definitive rulings and consensus of Scholars, Egypt’s Mufti states

The call for gender equality in inheritance contradicts Shari’ah definitive rulings and consensus of Scholars, Egypt’s Mufti states

Monday, November 26, 2018

In a press statement issued on Monday, Egypt’s Grand Mufti, Dr. Shawki Allam, stated that Shari’ah definitive (qat'i) rulings are not subject to personal reasoning (Ijtihad) and the rulings on inheritance are not an exception.
Dr. Allam said that the call for equality in inheritance between genders contradicts both the definitive rulings of Shari’ah [Quran and Sunnah] and the successively transmitted consensus of Scholars; therefore, they are not subject to ijtihad or change due to cultural contexts. God the Almighty decided the shares of each heir in case of male and female children as per His words in Quran, “God instructs you concerning your children: for the male, what is equal to the share of two females" [4: 11].
“Claiming that Shari’ah discriminates against women in inheritance is a general sweeping that lacks proper understanding of Shari’ah rulings,” Dr. Allam said.
In Shari’ah, males are entitled to inherit double the females’ shares only in four cases. Both genders, on the other hand, inherit equally in more than 30 cases.

The Grand Mufti concluded that Egypt’s Dar al-Ifta fully supports women’s social, political and scholarly rights through the different fatwas it issues to end violence and social injustice towards them. However, the Dar stands against any attempt to change the obligations that God revealed in His Book equally for both genders.