Friday, November 24, 2017 - 6 Rabi' al-Awwal 1439

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Is it ok to accept organs and to donate them?

Is it ok to accept organs and to donate them?
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Answer

Post-mortem transplantation is permissible as long as it does not involve selling, buying or trading. The procedure must be void of any financial remuneration in exchange for the organ to the donor if he is alive or to his heirs if he is deceased. In all cases, post-mortem transplants must meet the following legal criteria:

- It is prohibited to transplant any organ that will lead to lineage confusion. - The donor's death must be determined by ascertaining that all his body systems have completely and irreversibly ceased to function.
- An overwhelming necessity: Post-mortem transplants are permissible when a patient suffers from deteriorating health and it is medically determined that there is no other alternative to the procedure.
- The deceased donor must have made an expressive wish during his lifetime and when he was in his full mental capacity to donate a certain body organ to another without any undue influence or pressure. It is impermissible to donate a number of organs such that it leaves the body empty since this contradicts the words of Allah:

And We have certainly honored the children of Adam [Qur`an 17: 70].

- Transplant procedures must be undertaken in a state recognized, licensed, specialized medical institution. There must not be any financial remuneration for any of the parties involved. Guidelines must be set down to regulate equal opportunities for the rich and poor alike. Precedence is based on medical necessity alone and upon which saving a person from certain harm, death or incapacitation is dependent.
 

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