Tuesday, October 23, 2018 - 14 Safar 1440

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What is the Difference between Homosexuality and Gender Identity Disorder?

What is the Difference between Homosexuality and Gender Identity Disorder?


Homosexuality is not only prohibited in Islamic law but is one of the major sins in all Heavenly revealed legislations and entails punishment. For this reason, the Qur`an quotes Prophet Lut as telling his people, “Do ye commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you?” [7; 80]. And elsewhere in the Qur`an, God says, “Of all the creatures in the world, will ye approach males, and leave those whom Allah has created for you to be your mates? Nay, ye are a people transgressing (all limits)!” [26; 165-6].

The opinion of those who claim that homosexuality is natural is not based on a sound methodological study. Modern medicine confirms that Gender Identity Disorder (GID) that calls for gender reassignment is completely different from homosexuality. Gender identity disorder (GID) or transsexualism is defined by strong, persistent feelings of identification with the opposite gender and discomfort with one's own assigned sex. Thus GID is considered a cognitive disorder; therefore patients who suffer from this condition do not identify with their genetic gender. They feel that they are trapped in a strange body because they are certain that they belong to the other gender. For instance, a person who is perceived as a female may feel that she is a male. Such a person has an intense aversion for her secondary sexual characteristics. The medical causes of GID are not yet known for certain. They may be mental, genetic, hormonal, related to upbringing, or otherwise. In any case, the disorder is not considered homosexuality as some assume.

Homosexuality is different from GID. A homosexual has a desire to engage in sexual activity with a person of the same sex. The term MSM is used to describe men who have sex with men while the term WSW is used to describe women who have sex with women. This orientation is referred to in Islamic jurisprudence as “Al-Tanjir”. The Islamic juristic perspective on homosexuality differs from that of Western cultures which call for the freedom of sexual orientation when Islamic jurisprudence calls for the imperativeness of therapy.

The most important differences between GID and homosexuality are:
- GID is closer to being a mental disorder while homosexuality is a behavioral and psychological disorder.

- GID is a disorder that is usually present at birth unlike homosexuality which manifests later in life.

- People with GID experience real suffering. They face serious harm without changing their positions and speak about their condition and psychological suffering and social stigma to the people around them as well as about losing their essence and will without the slightest sense of guilt unlike homosexuals who often conceal their orientation and feel guilty due to their sexual activity.

Sexual activity does not represent a priority to GID patients. In fact, they may even not desire to engage in sex in the first place; they merely seek to affirm their gender identity for which they may be even prepared to pay their life. Homosexuals do not contemplate or accept sex reassignment as much as they seek to engage in sexual activity with members of same sex in a manner that does not cause them any inconvenience.

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