Disinheriting females or others

Egypt's Dar Al-Ifta

Disinheriting females or others


Is it permissible to disinherit females and give their father's entire estate to the mother to dispose of as she wishes without their consent?


Disinheriting females or any offspring from their father's estate in favor of their mother without their consent not only contravenes the rulings of inheritance ordained by Allah, but is also from among the pre-Islamic practices which Islam abolished. Allah will not bless those who revive these practices. Moreover, it is considered wrongfully consuming another's property which is among the major sins for which Allah threatened with a grave punishment. Allah, exalted be He, says:

"These are the limits [set by] Allah, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger will be admitted by Him to gardens [in Paradise] under which rivers flow, abiding eternally therein; and that is the greatest attainment. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger and transgresses His limits—He will put him into the Fire to abide eternally therein, and he will have a humiliating punishment." [Qur`an 4:13-14]

Allah Almighty knows best.

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