Does being acquainted with religious knowledge qualify one to give fatwas on simple matters?
When I am acquainted with religious knowledge, do I become a mufti on simple matters?
Issuing fatwas is an honorable and high ranking position, since the mufti fulfills some of the responsibilities of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) in the community and acts on his behalf in delivering rulings. Imam Al-Nawawi said in al-Magmu‘, "Take note that formulating legal opinions is the greatest of dangers, a grand position, and is full of merits. This is because a mufti is an heir of the prophets (peace and blessings of God be upon them), and fulfills the communal obligation. However, he is subject to errors. Because of this, it is said that a mufti is the legal representative of God.” (1:40)
There is a huge difference between being a mufti, and simply knowing a few legal rulings by being well read on Islam and sharing it with others. This kind of sharing is not the same thing as issuing a fatwa. It is also not the same as being a mufti who conveys the teachings of religion from God and instructs the masses on His intent or knowing how the ruling of God applies appropriately to a situation in a manner which accomplishes the overall objectives of the Shari‘ah and which is consistent with the general interests of the people.
God the Almighty knows best.