In the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful
Praised is Allah the lord of the Worlds and peace and blessings be upon the most honorable Messenger our master Muhammad, his family, companions and those who follow him in righteousness until the day of judgment On basis of the words of Allah the Almighty:
”By time, Indeed, mankind is in loss, Except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advised each other to patience.” [Al-`Asr 103]
And the Prophet’s [pbuh] hadith: “'The Deen (religion) is naseehah (advice)'. We said 'To whom?' He said 'To Allah and His Book, and His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.' Concerning the successive calamities, Dar al-ifta’ al-Missriyah advises all Egyptians with their different ideological and partial affiliations and leadership confirming some basic points that must be considered:
First: Dar al-Ifta’ al-Missritah confirms that peaceful demonstration is lawful. Moreover, it is sometimes considered a sign of the soundness of nations and people. Provided that demonstrations are conducted in a peaceful manner which guarantees refraining from attacking personal or public properties, destroying public facilities, obstructing people’s interests, highway robbery, harming people and freighting them. Therefore, Dar al-Ifta’ calls on everyone to organize their demonstrations peacefully and the demonstrators must guarantee-with other competent authorities-to protect their demonstration against being an opportunity for shacking Egypt’s stability.
Moreover, Dar al-Ifta’ establishes the recognized standards of politics all over the world over which two persons can never disagree and the commitment of political opponents to these standards.
Second: Dar al-Ifta’ al-Missryah calls on all national powers to put the country’s interest ahead of any partial interests and to consider an important fact. If the ship is penetrated, everyone will sink and no one will be rescued. Egypt is our ship which we must preserve and endeavor to its good not for the sake of personal and partial gains.
In that regard, Dar al-Ifta’ urges all political powers to be aware that having unified point of view is something imaginary and that politics implies difference of opinions. Development is measured by the capability of managing the disputes which sometimes turn out to be a source of diversification.
Therefore, Dar al-Ifta’ wishes that all political powers in their different levels would consolidate the Islamic culture which was established by the holy Qur`an. It instructs us how to disagree with each other and how to tackle our disagreements and the manner of adhering to the etiquette of disagreement with the other whoever he was.
Third: Dar al-Ifta’ al-Missryah stressed the prohibition of bloodshed to whomever it belongs and confirms its definite refusal to disdain bloodshed, because of the great prohibition of bloodshed in Islam. The one who kills a soul unlawfully receives Allah’s wrath, torture and sent to the Hellfire. This was described in the holy Qur`an when Allah the Exalted says:
“But whoever kills a believer intentionally - his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and Allah has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.” [Al-Nisa’: 93]
Qur`an joint between disbelieve and killing a soul unjustly to realize the gravity of this crime. Allah the Exalted praises his worshippers by saying:
“And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed], except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And whoever should do that will meet a penalty. Multiplied for him is the punishment on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein humiliated.” [Al-Furqan: 68-69]
In the hadith narrated by ibn ‘Umar [may Allah be pleased with them] said: the Messenger of Allah [pbuh] said: “A faithful believer remains at liberty regarding his religion unless he kills somebody unlawfully.” And Ibn ‘umar said: one of the unsolved predicaments is killing somebody unlawfully.
Ibn ‘Abbas narrated that the Prophet [pbuh] said: “The murdered comes holding his head in one hand and the killer in his other hand with his jugular veins bleeding. He will stand before the Throne and says: this person killed me, Allah the Almighty will say: “You are ruined” and he will then be send to the Hellfire.” Abdullah ibn Umar [may Allah be pleased with them] narrated that the Prophet [pbuh] said: “The passing away of this world would mean less to Allah than the murder of a Muslim.” And in the hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Amr who said: I saw the Messenger of Allah "I saw the Messenger of Allah circumambulate the Ka'bah and say, 'How great you are and how sweet is your smell! How great you are and how great is your sanctity! By Him in Whose Hands is the soul of Mohammed, the inviolability of a believer—his property and blood—is greater to Allah than yours! We are to only think well of a believer".
Based on all these texts and more that are included in Islamic law, Dar al-Ifta wishes all Egyptians to be aware of the sanctity of Egyptian blood and not to be driven to it even with words.
Fourth: Dar al-Ifta al-Missriyah-after the confirmation of everyone’s right in peaceful demonstrating as we mentioned above-wishes all Egyptians to be aware that Egypt won’t be able to move forward except with the power of Egyptians and it faces national concerns which necessitate cooperation in order to overcome them.
Fifth: Dar al-Ifta al-Missriyah calls on to activating “The Azhar’s document on renouncing violence” which is still accepted by different political powers. Moreover, it confirms that Azhar with all its branches will remain the shelter which Egyptian masses seek in times of crises.
Six: Dar al-Ifta stresses the importance of trustfulness in such times and wishes that social media with its different trends to be accurate in transmitting news, be mindful of Allah and keep our country safe in their hearts. They must realize that true professionalism is the way to success and that every word will be the subject of reckoning by Allah the Almighty.
Finally, Dar al-Ifta al-Missriyah gives good tidings to all Egyptians that Allah the Exalted will protect Egypt and save it from any evil. Moreover, it calls on everyone to supplicate to Allah persistently to help Egypt pass its calamities, make it stronger, unite the hearts of Egyptians and preserve our unity forever.
May Allah protect our beloved Egypt against all evils. And Peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions.
Dr. Shawqy Allam
The Grand Mufti of Egypt