Dar al-Ifta: it is impermissible for a pilgrim to sacrifice the sacrificial animal before leaving his country or outside the Sacred Precinct
Dar al-Ifta al-Misriyyah stressed the necessity of slaughtering the hady (sacrificial animal) in Mecca during the days of pilgrimage. The meat of the sacrifice must be distributed among the poor and the destitute of the Sacred Precinct although there is no objection to storing and distributing it among them over the course of the year. If the meat exceeds their needs for the current year until the next pilgrimage season, it is then permissible to distribute it among the poor in places other than the Sacred Precinct.
A fatwa issued by Dar al-Ifta said that it is impermissible for a pilgrim who has made the intention to perform hajj tamattu’(performing umrah before pilgrimage) to slaughter a hady or pay for it to be slaughtered in his country before going to Mecca to perform his pilgrimage. This is because the place for slaughtering is the Ancient House (the Ka’ba). God the Almighty says, “God has made the Ka’ba—the Sacred House—a means of support for people, and the Sacred Months, the animals for sacrifice and their garlands” [5:97].
The fatwa added that a pilgrim must slaughter his hady in the Sacred Precinct except one who is prevented from completing the integrals of pilgrimage. It further said that sacrificial offers made during pilgrimage in devotion to God include: the sacrifice made by a pilgrim on hajj tamattu’ which is obligatory; the sacrifice made by a pilgrim on hajj Qiran (performing umrah and pilgrimage simultaneously) which is also obligatory; the sacrifice made for omitting an obligatory feature of pilgrimage or as expiation for violating one of the restrictions of pilgrimage; and the voluntary sacrifice made for the poor of the Sacred Precinct.