Reciting the Qur`an before the adha...

Egypt's Dar Al-Ifta

Reciting the Qur`an before the adhan of Friday prayer


ign: justify; margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; unicode-bidi: embed; direction: ltr">We reviewed request no. 583 for the year 2010 which includes the following:
What is the ruling on reciting the Qur`an before the adhan of Friday prayer?


Reciting the Qur`an before the adhan
Allah the Almighty rewards the person who recites the Qur`an abundantly, elevates his rank and exhorts Muslims to recite it and contemplate its meanings.
Evidence from Qur`an
Allah the Almighty says,
Thy Lord doth know that thou standest forth (to prayer) nigh two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so doth a party of those with thee. But Allah doth appoint night and day in due measure He knoweth that ye are unable to keep count thereof. So He hath turned to you (in mercy): read ye, therefore, of the Qur'an as much as may be easy for you. He knoweth that there may be (some) among you in ill-health; others travelling through the land, seeking of Allah's bounty; yet others fighting in Allah's Cause, read ye, therefore, as much of the Qur'an as may be easy (for you); and establish regular Prayer and give regular Charity; and loan to Allah a Beautiful Loan. And whatever good ye send forth for your souls ye shall find it in Allah's Presence, - yea, better and greater, in Reward and seek ye the Grace of Allah. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.[Al-Muzzammil: 20]
Evidence from the sunnah
 Prophet Mohammedsaid, "Read the Qur'an, for indeed it will come on the Day of Resurrection to intercede on behalf of its reciters. Recite the two bright ones, Al-Baqarah and Al-'Imran, for on the Day of Resurrection, they will come as two clouds or shades, or two flocks of birds in ranks, pleading for the [cause] of their reciters. Recite Surat Al-Baqarahfor to take recourse to it is a blessing and to give it up is a cause of grief, and magicians have no power over them."[1]
The Prophetsaid, "Read the Qur`an, for Allah does not torture the person who comprehends it."[2]
Listening to the Qur`an—an act of worship
Allah has made listening to the holy Qur`an an an act of worship and promised a great reward for it. The Prophetsaid, "Whoever listens to even one verse of the Qur'an earns a two-fold reward; and for the one who recites a single verse, it is a light for him on the Day of Resurrection."[3]
Islam recommends reciting the Qur`an every day, especially on Fridays, by reading Surat Al-Kahf. The Prophet said, "Whoever recites Surat Al-Kahf on the eve of Friday, a light will stretch between him and the Ka’ba."[4]  
Reciting the Qur` in a pleasant voice
It is recommended to recite the Qur`an eloquently and in a pleasant voice for the Prophet said, "Adorn the Qur`an with your voices, for indeed a pleasant voice enhances the beauty of the Qur`an."[5]
The ruling
Based on the above, there is no objection to reciting the Qur`an in mosques before the Friday prayer. It is a desirable act that brings people together for the purpose of reciting the Qur`an and prepares them for the rituals of Friday prayer.
Allah the Almighty knows best.        

[1]Recorded by Imam Ahmed in his Musnad and Imam Muslim in his Sahih. 
[2]Reported by Tammam through Abu Umama.
[3]Included by Imam Ahmad in Musnad through Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him).
[4] Included by Al-Baihaqi in Shu'ab al-Iman
[5] Included by Al-Hakim in Mustadriq    
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