Islam supports political plurality ...

Egypt's Dar Al-Ifta

Islam supports political plurality and does not adopt one party system

Islam supports political plurality and does not adopt one party system

In response to infidelizing fatwas claiming that Islamic law has imposed the implementation of a single political system, issued a fatwa maintaining the permissibility of political plurality as evidenced by actions of the Prophet [peace be upon him] and his Companions.

The fatwa sheds light upon the definition of political plurality which means the multiplicity of political opinions which, in most part, stem from political parties. These parties comprise a group of people holding similar opinions which they try to implement through parliamentary, ministerial, or even presidential representation.

The fatwa states that Islamic law does not impose a specific political system.On the contrary, Islamic jurists have, throughout the ages, acknowledged multiple political systems. It further said that Islamic law leaves the door open for independent interpretations that suit different ages and places and that this is how Islamic law tackles all changeable issues.

The fatwa cites some situations that occurred during the Prophet’s lifetime to evidence political diversity and demonstrate the Prophet’s tolerant attitude towards contesting opinions and readiness for discussion.

The fatwa asserts that the people must be mindful of Allah when casting their votes and keep the country’s highest interests in mind for God the Almighty says, “Their testimony will be recorded, and they will be questioned” [Qur`an 43: 19].

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